Tribulus terrestris Linn.

Primary Characteristics

Primary Characteristics

Tribulus terrestris Linn. is aslo known as Tribulus bicornutus Fisch., Tribulus bimucronatus Kralik., Tribulus robustus Boiss., belongs to Zygophyllaceae, family.
The Arabic Names for this herb are Khar Khash, Khasak.
The English Names for this herb are Caltrops, Gulancha Tinospora, Small Caltrops.
The Urdu Names for this herb are Chota Gokhru, Gokhru.

Pharmacological Actions


  • Anti-gonorrhoeal
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Blood Purifier
  • Increases Menstrual Flow

  • Fruit:
  • Alterative
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Aperient
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Appetizer
  • Astringent
  • Carminative
  • Demulcent
  • Diuretic
  • Emmenagogue
  • Galactagogue
  • Stomachic
  • Tonic
  • Urinary Antiseptic

  • Root:
  • Anti-asthmatic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-leprotic
  • Anti-pruritic
  • Anti-tussive

  • Seed:
  • Anti-inflammatory

  • Indications

    The Indications of Leaves of Tribulus terrestris Linn. are Mouth Troubles, Painful Gums, Inflammations, Gonorrhoea, Gleet.

    The Indications of Fruit of Tribulus terrestris Linn. are Cough, Gout, Kidney Disorders, Scabies, Gleet, Dysentery, Piles, Spermatorrhoea, Gonorrhoea, Chronic Cystitis, Calculus Affections, Uterine Disorders, Chronic Kidney Inflammation, Painful Micturition, Burning Micturition, Leprosy, Phosphaturia, Dysuria, Impotence, Ophthalmia, Aphthae, Urinary Disorders, Strangury, Anaemia, Postpartum Hemorrhage, Ulcerated Gums, Mouth Inflammation.

    The Indications of Root of Tribulus terrestris Linn. are Piles, Dyspepsia, Asthma, Pain, Pruritis, Skin Diseases, Lumbago, Cough, Inflammations, Leprosy, Vesicular Calculi, Burning Sensation, Strangury, Urinary Discharges, Heart Diseases.

    The Indications of Seed of Tribulus terrestris Linn. are Debility, Hemorrhage, Mouth Inflammation, Inflammations, Bladder Stones, Urinary Troubles, Ulcers.

    No Contra Indication information is available for Tribulus terrestris Linn..


    The Temperaments of Tribulus terrestris Linn. are 1st order, warm and dry, Compound temperament.

    Available Brands

    BrandManufacturer/Mnf. Representative
    IDRARI SYRUPHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    JAWARISH ZAROONI AMBERI-BA-NUSKHA KALANHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    Majoon Shohag SoonthHamdard laboratories Waqf Bangladesh
    NISAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    QURS JIRYANHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    SHARBAT BAZOORI MOTADILHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    SUPARIPAKHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    VERONAHerbion Pakistan Pvt Ltd.

    Compound Preparations

    Tribulus terrestris Linn. is used in the preparation of Arq Ananas, Arq Dasmol, Halwa-i-Gazar Maghz Sar-i-Kunjashkwala, Jawarish Zar'unui Ambari Ba Nuskha Kalan, Lububal-Asrar, Ma'jun Mubahee Antaki, Ma'jun Pamba Dana, Ma'jun Sang-i-Sar-i-Mahi, Ma'jun Zanjbil, Safuf Kalan, Sherbet Bazuri, Sherbet Bazuri Mo'tadil, Sherbet Kaknaj, Sherbet Mudir Tammas, Supari Pak compounds.


    Whole HerbN/A
    Fruit5.000g - 7.000gN/A

    Herb's Description

    Tribulus terrestris Linn.. Annual or biennial, prostrate, densely appressed whitish silky pubescent herb, Stem hirsute to sericeous, branches spreading. Leaves paripinnate; stipules lanceolate to falcate; leaflets ovate to elliptic-oblong. Flowers yellow, 1-1.5 cr across. Fruit upto 1 cm in diameter, 4-8 mm long, mericarps densely crested and tuberculate, on dorsal side densely hairy to glabrescent, with 2 long patent and 2 short downwardly directed spines {222), Seeds several, oily, enclosed in hard stony cells. The root when fresh is slender, fibrous, about 4-5 inches long, cylindrical and of a light brown colour.

    Taste Odor & Occurrence

    Occurence: It occurs in Africa, Asia, North Australia, Pakistan, South Europe.. Common in Pakistan,distributed in tropical and subtropical countries in Asia and introduced in new world tropics.
    Taste: Tasteless to mildly acidic


    No information regarding Tribulus terrestris Linn.'s substitute is currently available.

    Active Constituents

    Tribulus terrestris Linn.'s Active constituents:


    No information regarding Tribulus terrestris Linn.'s antidot is currently available.

    Warning & Precautions

    Regarded as harmful in case if the patient suffers from head diseases.Excessive use is harmful for spleen and kidneys.


    Currently no Toxicity information is available for Tribulus terrestris Linn.. (work in progress)