Acorus calamus Linn

Primary Characteristics

Primary Characteristics

Acorus calamus Linnbelongs to Araceae, family.
The Arabic Names for this herb are Kani Kaathi, Ood Alvaj, Waj.
The English Name for this herb is Sweet Flag.
The Urdu Names for this herb are Agar Turki, Bach, Buch.

Pharmacological Actions

The pharmacological Actions of Acorus calamus Linn are Anti-diarrhoeal, Bitter Tonic, Digestive, Nerve Tonic, Sedative.


  • Anthelmintic
  • Anti-asthmatic
  • Anti-diarrhoeal
  • Anti-dysenteric
  • Anti-epileptic
  • Anti-flatulent
  • Anti-phlegmatic
  • Anti-rheumatic
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Aromatic
  • Demulcent
  • Deobstruent
  • Depurative
  • Desiccative
  • Detersive
  • Diuretic
  • Emmenagogue
  • Laxative
  • Stimulant
  • Stomachic

  • Indications

    The Indications of Acorus calamus Linn are Colic, Bronchitis, Loss of Appetite, Indigestion, Flatulence, Chest Pain, Cramps, Diarrhea.

    The Indications of Root of Acorus calamus Linn are Common Cold, Fever (Children), Bronchial Affections (Children), Stomachic, Gastric Troubles, Insanity, Paralysis, Epilepsy, Palsy, Stammering, Dysentery, Diarrhoea, Forgetfulness, Indigestion, Flatulence, Cough, Colic.

    No Contra Indication information is available for Acorus calamus Linn.


    The Temperament of Root of Acorus calamus Linn is 2nd order, warm and dry.

    Available Brands

    BrandManufacturer/Mnf. Representative
    JAWARISH ZAROONI AMBERI-BA-NUSKHA KALANHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    LABOOB-E-KABIR MUQQUAWIE BAHHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    MAJUN CHOB CHEENI SADAHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan
    MAJUN SURANJANHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan

    Compound Preparations

    Acorus calamus Linn is used in the preparation of Anqaruya-i-Kabir, Itrifal Deedan, Ma'jun Baladur, Ma'jun Muqil, Safuf Musaffi Khas compounds.


    Root1.000g - 3.000g

    Herb's Description

    Acorus calamus Linn is a herb, 1-4 feet long, is evergreen, and suberrect, which blooms from may to august. It is a semiaquatic, perennial plant that grows along lakes and rivers and in muddy swamps and meadows
    Acorus calamus Linn's Root, size is usually 2 meters. The root was also coated with sugar and used as candy and breath freshener in the past, it has a strong aroma and a pleasing but bitter taste

    Taste Odor & Occurrence

    Occurence: It occurs in Balochistan(Pakistan), Chitral (Pakistan), Drosh (Pakistan), Hazara (Pakistan), Jhelum Valley (Pakistan), Pab Hills (Pakistan).


    No information regarding Acorus calamus Linn's substitute is currently available.

    Active Constituents

    Acorus calamus Linn's Active constituents:


    No information regarding Acorus calamus Linn's antidot is currently available.

    Warning & Precautions

    In large doses it may produce violent and persistent emesis.


    Currently no Toxicity information is available for Acorus calamus Linn. (work in progress)