Citrus medica Linn.

Primary Characteristics

Primary Characteristics

Citrus medica Linn.belongs to Rutaceae, family.
The Arabic Name for this herb is Utraj.
The English Name for this herb is Citron.
The Urdu Names for this herb are Chakotra, Maphal, Turanj.

Pharmacological Actions

The pharmacological Actions of Citrus medica Linn. are Anti-bilious, Aromatic, Diuretic, Hepatoprotective, Refrigerant, Stomachic.


  • Refrigerant
  • Thirst Quencher

  • Indications

    The Indications of Citrus medica Linn. are Rheumatic Affections, Scurvy, Urinary Complaints, Dyspepsia, Bilious Vomiting, Obesity, Sunburn, Pruritis of Vulva and Scrotum, Fever.

    The Indications of Juice of Citrus medica Linn. are Fever, Excessive Thirst.

    No Contra Indication information is available for Citrus medica Linn..


    The Temperaments of Pulp of Citrus medica Linn. are 3rd order, cold and dry, 1st order, cold, 2nd order, dry.

    Available Brands

    No Brand information is available for Citrus medica Linn..

    Compound Preparations

    No Compound Preparation information is available for Citrus medica Linn..


    Juice30.000ml - 60.000mlN/A

    Herb's Description

    Citrus medica Linn.. The citron is borne by a slow-growing shrub or small tree reaching 8 to 15 ft (2.4-4.5 m) high with stiff branches and stiff twigs and short or long spines in the leaf axils. The leaflets are evergreen, lemon-scented, ovate-lanceolate or ovate elliptic, 2 1/2 to 7 in (6.25-18 cm) long; leathery, with short, wingless or nearly wingless petioles; the flower buds are large and white or purplish; the fragrant flowers about 1 1/2 in (4 cm) wide, in short clusters, are mostly perfect but some male because of pistil abortion; 4- to 5-petalled, often pinkish or purplish on the outside, with 30 to 60 stamens. The fruit is fragrant, mostly oblong, obovoid or oval, occasionally pyriform, but highly variable; various shapes and smooth or rough fruits sometimes occurring on the same branch; one form is deeply divided from the apex into slender sections; frequently there is a protruding style; size also varies greatly from 3 1/2 to 9 in or even 1 ft (9-22.8 or 30 cm) long;
    Citrus medica Linn.'s Pulp. Pale-yellow or greenish divided into as many as 14 or 15 segments, firm, not very juicy, acid or sweet; contains numerous monoembryonic seeds, ovoid, smooth, white within.
    Citrus medica Linn.'s Oil(Peel). Peel is yellow when fully ripe; usually rough and bumpy but sometimes smooth; mostly very thick, fleshy, tightly clinging;

    Taste Odor & Occurrence

    Occurence: It occurs in Chittagong, Iran, Italy, Khasi and Garo hills (India), Sitakund Hill.


    No information regarding Citrus medica Linn.'s substitute is currently available.

    Active Constituents

    Citrus medica Linn.'s Active constituents:


    No information regarding Citrus medica Linn.'s antidot is currently available.

    Warning & Precautions

    Nutritious-no known toxicity reported.Continuous use may cause mild throat irritation.


    Currently no Toxicity information is available for Citrus medica Linn.. (work in progress)