Garcinia morella Desrouss

Primary Characteristics

Primary Characteristics

Garcinia morella Desroussbelongs to Guttiferae, family.
The Arabic Name for this herb is Farfeeran.
The English Names for this herb are Gamboge, Gamboge Tree.
The Urdu Names for this herb are Farfeeran, Rewand-Ros, Usarah-e-Rewand, Vilaiti Imli.

Pharmacological Actions

Gum Resin:

  • Abortifacient
  • Amtimicrobial
  • Anthelmintic
  • Anti-constipative
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-spasmodic
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Bactericidal
  • Cathartic
  • Cholagogue
  • Cold Affections
  • Emetic
  • Emmenagogue
  • Hydragogue Cathartic
  • Laxative
  • Mild Diuretic
  • Stimulant

  • Indications

    The Indications of Gum Resin of Garcinia morella Desrouss are Cough, Gleet, Paralysis, Cold, Neuralgia, Constipation, Dropsy, Amenorrhoea, Ulcers, Gonorrhoea, Epilepsy, Nervous Affections, Facial Paralysis, Arthritis, Edema, Intestinal Worms, Convulsions, Cathartic, Brain Disorders, Malhumors.

    The Indication of Milky Juice of Garcinia morella Desrouss is Tonsilliis.

    No Contra Indication information is available for Garcinia morella Desrouss.


    The Temperament of Gum Resin of Garcinia morella Desrouss is 2nd order, warm and dry.

    Available Brands

    No Brand information is available for Garcinia morella Desrouss.

    Compound Preparations

    Garcinia morella Desrouss is used in the preparation of Hab Usarah compounds.


    Gum Resin125.000mg - 450.000mg

    Herb's Description

    Garcinia morella Desrouss. Obtained from a small or medium sized evergreen tree 30-50 ft hiph, with spreading branches, quite glabrous; young branches quadrangular, smooth leaves 7.5-12.5 by 3.8-6.3 cm; elliptic-obovate to ovate-lanceolate, petioles 6 mm long. Male flowers axillary. Rudimentary ovary 0, female flowers larger than the male, solitary, axillary, usually sessile. Sepals and petals as in the male, the former persistent; the latter deciduous. Staminodes 18-30, in a ring round the ovary, connate at the base. Ovary globular, smooth, 4-celled. Fruit 2 cm diameter; subglobose, surrounded at the base by the persistent sepals, glabrous. Seeds 4, ovoid-reniform, slightly compressed; testa muriculate, dark brown(9). Garcinia morella is the indigenous source of gamboge, which occurs as a yellowish emulsion in the cortex, pith, leaves, flowers and fruits. It is obtained by making a spiral incision during the rainy season on the bark of tree, not less than 10 years old(13l). Gamboge {Usarah-e-Rewancf) is reddish yellow or brownish orange in colour. Gamboge is also obtained from other species of Guttiferae

    Taste Odor & Occurrence

    Occurence: It occurs in Andaman Islands, East India, Eastern Bengal, Mayanmar, Northern Kanara, Thailand.
    Odor: The odor of Gum Resin of Garcinia morella Desrouss is Odourless
    Gum Resin: Bitter


    No information regarding Garcinia morella Desrouss's substitute is currently available.

    Active Constituents

    Garcinia morella Desrouss's Active constituents:


    No information regarding Garcinia morella Desrouss's antidot is currently available.

    Warning & Precautions

    In large doses,gamboge is a powerful hydragogue cathartic causing nausea, vomiting and griping. Too large doses can be fatal .It causes purgation and if the dose is increased may cause vomiting. Four gram gum resin has been found fatal for causing gastroenteritis.


    Currently no Toxicity information is available for Garcinia morella Desrouss. (work in progress)