Myrica nagi Thunb

Primary Characteristics

Primary Characteristics

Myrica nagi Thunb is aslo known as Myrica esculenta Buch-Ham, Myrica farquhariana, Myrica sapida, belongs to Myricaceae, family.
The Arabic Names for this herb are Ood al-Barg Tandol, Tuffah Alajaib.
The English Names for this herb are Bay Berry, Bayberry, Box Myrtle.
The Urdu Names for this herb are Dar Shishian, Kaiphal.

Pharmacological Actions

The pharmacological Actions of Myrica nagi Thunb are Anti-catarrhal, Anti-diarrhoeal, Anti-flatulent, Anti-gonorrhoeal, Anti-leucorrhoeal, Anti-scrofulous, Anti-septic, Anti-tussive, Aromatic, Astringent, Bactericidal, Calorific, Carminative, Deobstruent, Desiccative, Diaphoretic, Errhine, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Nauseant, Nerve Tonic, Nervine, Pectoral, Resolvent, Sedative, Spermicidal, Styptic, Tonic.


The Indications of Bark of Myrica nagi Thunb are Toothache, Bronchitis, Cough, Fever, Flatulence, Menses, Liver Complaints, Chronic Dysentery, Cold, Piles, Earache, Asthma, Diarrhoea, Ulcers, Catarrhal Affections, Urinary Discharges, Leg Ulcers, Mucous Colitis, Congestive Catarrhal, Inflammatory Conditions, Throat Affections.

The Indications of Decoction (Plant) of Myrica nagi Thunb are Flatulence, Fever, Gleet, Scrofulous Affections, Piles, Productive Cough, Gonorrhoea, Chronic Bronchitis, Stomachache, Aphthous affections.

The Indications of Wax (fruit) of Myrica nagi Thunb are Diarrhoea, Typhoid, Heal ulcer, Dysentery, Jaundice.

The Indications of Bark (Powder) of Myrica nagi Thunb are Scrofulous Ulcers, Gums, Facial Paralysis, Wounds, Piles, Sores, Toothache, Cholera, Catarrh.

The Indication of Oil (flowers) of Myrica nagi Thunb is Earache.

No Contra Indication information is available for Myrica nagi Thunb.


The Temperament of Myrica nagi Thunb is 2nd order, warm and dry.

Available Brands

BrandManufacturer/Mnf. Representative
ROGHAN-E-SURKHHamdard laboratories Waqf Pakistan

Compound Preparations

Myrica nagi Thunb is used in the preparation of Roghan Surkh, Safuf Istakhasa compounds.


Whole Herb2.000g - 5.000gN/A

Herb's Description

Myrica nagi Thunb. A small or moderate-sized ever green tree 3-15 m high, trunk girth, 92.5 cm; Bark grey or brownish grey, rough with deep wrinkles; the male and the female trees have almost similar appearance. Leaves, almost crowded towards the end of branches, lancecolate, oblong-obovate, 9.2 cm long, 3.2 cm broad; lower surface, pale green; upper surface, dark green. flowers minute, unisexual, in axillary spikes; fruit an ellipsoid or ovoid drupe of the size of cherry, tubercled, reddish or cheese-coloured when ripe, with rugose nut.
Myrica nagi Thunb's Flower. Pistillate flowers, very small, sessile, solitary and bracteate; sepals and petals, either absent or not visible; inflorescence, a catkin, 4.2 cm long, axillary, bearing about 25 flowers; only a thread-like style visible with the unaided eye.
Myrica nagi Thunb's Seed. Seeds, 9 mm long, 5 mm in diameter, weight 165 mg, volume 131 microlitres
Myrica nagi Thunb's Fruit. Fruit, a globose, succulent drupe, with a bard endocarp; diameter 1.1 to 1.3 cm; weight, 670 mg; volume, 610 microlitres; the colour of fruit, Spirea. red 025/1 or carmine 21 /1; pulp as well as juice Spirea red 025/1.

Taste Odor & Occurrence

Occurence: It occurs in China, India, Japan, Nepal, Singapore.
Odor: The odor of Bark of Myrica nagi Thunb is PungentThe odor of Fruit of Myrica nagi Thunb is Pleasant
Bark: Sharp Bitter

Fruit: Sour,Sweet


No information regarding Myrica nagi Thunb's substitute is currently available.

Active Constituents

Myrica nagi Thunb's Active constituents:


No information regarding Myrica nagi Thunb's antidot is currently available.

Warning & Precautions

Kaiphal(Bayberry) wax is said to be irritant and sensitizing.


Currently no Toxicity information is available for Myrica nagi Thunb. (work in progress)